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Katundu ndikugwiritsanso ntchito kaboni

Kutsegula kaboni: ndi mtundu wa adsorbent wosagwiritsidwa ntchito polar womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Nthawi zambiri, amafunika kutsukidwa ndi madzi a hydrochloric acid, kenako ethanol, kenako kutsukidwa ndi madzi. Mukayanika pa 80 ℃, itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito polemba chromatography. Granular adamulowetsa kaboni ndiye chisankho chabwino kwambiri pamakina owonera zakale. Ngati ndi ufa wabwino wa mpweya woyenera, m'pofunika kuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa diatomite ngati chithandizo cha fyuluta, kuti mupewe kuthamanga kwambiri.
Kutsegula kaboni ndikutsatsa kosakhala polar. Kutsatsa kwake ndikosiyana ndi silika gel ndi alumina. Ili ndi mgwirizano wamphamvu pazinthu zopanda polar. Ili ndi mphamvu yotsatsira mwamphamvu mu njira yamadzimadzi komanso yofooka pazosungunulira zachilengedwe. Chifukwa chake, kutulutsa kwamadzi ndikofooka kwambiri ndipo zosungunulira organic ndizolimba. Katundu wotsatsa akachotsedwa pampweya, mpweya wa zosungunulira umachepa, ndipo mphamvu yakutsatsa solute pa kaboni yomwe ikulowetsedwa imachepa, ndipo mphamvu ya khungu imakwezedwa. Zinthu zosungunuka m'madzi, monga ma amino acid, shuga ndi glycosides, zidadzipatula.


Post nthawi: Nov-05-2020